The modern-day engineer normally works as part of a technological team comprising skilled and unskilled workers, technicians, technologists and ocassionally, scientists.
Aeronautical engineers use their knowledge of physics to predict the aerodynamic forces on bodies such as wings, rotorblades and cars. The disciplines taught in aircraft design can be applied to space vehicles, aircraft, missiles and the like.
Agricultural engineers design and develop equipment and structures used in agriculture. These could include irrigation, soil and water conservation, the processing of agricultural products and many more.
Biomedical engineering and biotechnology
The biomedical engineer is responsible for designing and producing instruments that are used in the medical fields. These could include anything from X-ray machines, to pacemakers or instruments used in operating theatres.
Chemical engineers develop and produce chemical products on an industrial scale and work with processes that convert raw material into products. They can work in a variety of industries.
Industrial engineers aim to increase productivity and profits of organisations by investigating improved methods, practices and procedures to optimise the use of people and materials.
Civil engineers work with the planning, design, construction and maintenance of roads, dams, water supplies and buildings and can specialise in various fields such as harbours, railways and the like.
Electronic engineers process, control and transfer information through a variety of communication systems such as computers, telecommunications, satellites and more.
Materials engineers study the properties of materials and add value to materials and minerals. They work with alloys, crystals, semiconductors, ceramics, polymers and the like.
Mechanical engineers deal with power and movement in the broadest sense of the word. They design a variety of machines, vehicles, heating and cooling systems and other related applications.
Mechatronics is the application of the latest techniques in precision mechanical engineering, control theory, computer science and electronics to the design process to create more functional and adaptable products.
Metallurgical engineers work with the production of metallic alloys such as stainless steel and brass. The field includes processes such as forging and casting to produce products with the required material properties.
Mining engineers are involved in developing new mines and planning alterations to existing mines. They are involved in mine climatic controls, support of rock structures and the design of mining methods.